Understanding and Combatting the Opioid Epidemic

Over the course of three years, 160 individuals participating in court-ordered substance use treatment will be interviewed about several aspects of their lives and treatment experiences, including: treatment motivation, the experience of stigma, the quality and influence of social network members, work attitudes, and perceptions of coercion.

This study employs a mixed methodology (focus groups and surveys) to understand the frequency with which criminal justice, health care, and emergency responders encounter opioid overdoses; how they cope with these experiences; and their perceptions about the availability and utility of resources available to help mitigate the negative impact of these experiences on their personal and professional outcomes. This study is funded, in part, by a grant from the University of Cincinnati University Research Council.

This study is an analysis of secondary data collected from a local treatment agency that provides residential and outpatient services to opiate-addicted offenders participating in drug court. This study examines the influence of clinical, personal, and social factors on clients’ criminal justice and treatment outcomes.

Using data that spans a three-year period, this study examines site-level data from a large treatment agency to examine the impact of traumatic workplace incidents (e.g., overdoses, assaults, suicide) on such personnel outcomes as sick days and turn over.

Improving the Experiences of Offenders with Mental Illness Involved with the Criminal Justice System

This study entails in-depth interviews with 150 probationers with and 150 probationers without mental illness, to determine the extent to which psychiatric symptoms, criminogenic risk factors, and other personal factors influence the occurrence of technical violations of probation. Additionally, the study seeks to identify the individual-level personal factors that are most strongly related to probation officers’ decisions to file a formal violation with the court. This study is funded, in part, by an Early Career Psychologist grant-in-aid from the American Psychology-Law Society.

This was a focus group study of practitioners working in community corrections and mental health agencies, designed to understand the barriers and facilitators of successful professional partnerships.

Improving Implementation and Dissemination of Evidence-Based Correctional Intervention Practices

This is a multi-phase study that seeks to understand the experiences and issued facing modern-day probation officers. The study will involve both surveys and interviews with probation officers from agencies across the United States. The primary foci of the study will be understanding, use, and attitudes toward evidence-based correctional supervision practices; the experience of compassion fatigue, primary, and secondary traumatization on-the-job, and professional development obstacles and opportunities. Co-PIs- Dr. Ebony Ruhland (University of Cincinnati) & Dr. Jennifer Eno Louden (University of Texas, El Paso)

This study randomized state-wide users of the Ohio Risk Assessment System (ORAS) to receive one of two vignettes depicting an individual on probation, to test whether their race, gender, or mental health status impacted practitioners’ reliability of ratings of risk or case-management decisions.

This was a nationally representative survey of senior-level parole administrators from each state, to examine the extent to which each state has practices and policies in place to support the adoption and maintenance of evidence-based practices in community supervision.

Manchak, S. M., Farringer, A., Anderson, V. R., & Campbell, C. (in press). Current U.S. agency-level
trends in supporting implementation of evidence-based practices in parole. Corrections: Policy, Practice,
and Research. Available on-line https://doi.org/10.1080/23774657.2017.1398058